The Mid-day Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of
India designed to better the nutritional standing of school-age children nationwide.
The programme supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper
primary classes in government, government aided, local body, Education Guarantee
Scheme, and alternate innovative education centres, Madarsa and Maqtabs supported
under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan , and National Child Labour Project schools run by the ministry
Serving 120,000,000 children in over 1,265,000 schools and Education Guarantee Scheme
centres, it is the largest of its kind in the world.
Under article 24, paragraph 2c of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which India is
a party,  India has committed to yielding "adequate nutritious food" for children.
The programme has undergone many changes since its launch in 1995. The Midday Meal
Scheme is covered by the National Food Security Act, 2013.
The legal backing to the Indian school meal programme is akin to the legal backing provided
in the US through the National School Lunch Act.
The Mid-Day meal officially started in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The roots of the programme can be traced back to the pre-independence era, when a mid
day meal programme was introduced in 1925 in Madras Corporation by the British
administration. based on the recommendation of Labour Advisory Board member M. C.
Rajah. A mid day meal programme was introduced in the Union Territory of Puducherry by
the French administration in 1930.
Initiatives by state governments to children began with their launch of a mid day meal
programme in primary schools in the 1962–63 school year. Tamil Nadu is a pioneer in
introducing mid day meal programmes in India to increase the number of kids coming to
school; K. Kamaraj, then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, introduced it first in Chennai and
later extended it to all districts of Tamil Nadu.
Plot No. 334,Visalakshinagar, Visakhapatnam - 530043. Andhra Pradesh, India.