Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural
Health Mission (NHM). It is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and
infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. The scheme is
under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low
Performing States (LPS).
Janani Suraksha Yojana was launched in April 2005 by modifying the National Maternity
Benefit Scheme (NMBS). The NMBS came into effect in August 1995 as one of the
components of the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP).
The scheme was transferred from the Ministry of Rural Development to the Department of
Health & Family Welfare during the year 2001-02.
The NMBS provides for financial assistance of Rs. 500/- per birth up to two live births to the
pregnant women who have attained 19 years of age and belong to the below poverty line
When JSY was launched the financial assistance of Rs. 500/- , which was available uniformly
throughout the country to BPL pregnant women under NMBS, was replaced by graded scale
of assistance based on the categorization of States as well as whether beneficiary was from
States were classified into Low Performing States and High Performing States on the basis of
institutional delivery rate i.e. states having institutional delivery 25% or less were termed as
Low Performing States (LPS) and those which have institutional delivery rate more than 25%
were classified as High Performing States (HPS).
Accordingly, eight erstwhile EAG states namely Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya
Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Odisha and the states of Assam &
Jammu & Kashmir were classified as Low Performing States. The remaining States were
grouped into High Performing States.
Selection criteria for ASHAs
In rural areas
ASHA must primarily be a woman resident of the village married/ widowed/
divorced, preferably in the age group of 25 to 45 years.
She should be a literate woman with due preference in selection to those who are
qualified up to 10 standard wherever they are interested and available in good
numbers. This may be relaxed only if no suitable person with this qualification is
ASHA will be chosen through a rigorous process of selection involving various
community groups, self-help groups, Anganwadi Institutions, the Block Nodal officer,
District Nodal officer, the village Health Committee and the Gram Sabha.
In urban areas
ASHA must be a woman resident of the – “slum/vulnerable clusters” and belong to
that particular vulnerable group which have been identified by City/District Health
Society for selection of ASHA.
She should be preferably ‘Married/Widow/Divorced/Separated’ and preferably in
the age group of 25 to 45 years.
ASHA should have effective communication skills with language fluency of the
area/population she is expected to cover,leadership qualities and be able to reach
out to the community.
She should be a literate woman with formal education of at least Tenth Class. If
there are women with Class XII who are interested and willing they should be given
preference since they could later gain admission to ANM/GNM schools as a career
The educational and age criteria can be relaxed if no suitable woman with this
qualification is available in the area and among that particular vulnerable group.
A balance between representation of marginalized and education should be
She should have family and social support to enable her to find the time to carry out
Adequate representation from disadvantaged population groups should be ensured
to serve such groups better.
Existing women Community workers under other schemes like-urban ASHAs or link
workers under NRHM or RCH II, JnNURM, SJSRY etc. may be given preference
provided they meet the residency, age and educational criteria mentioned above
and are able to provide time for their activities.
Plot No. 334,Visalakshinagar, Visakhapatnam - 530043. Andhra Pradesh, India.